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Al-Thani family history

Al-thani family dynasty History

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Al-Thani family history

Al-Khalifa (the current ruling family of Bahrain) controlled much of the peninsula until the arrival, in the mid-18th century, of the charismatic Al-Thani family, which remains in power to this day. Al-Thani is a branch of the ancient Tamim tribe of central Arabia, thought to have arrived in Qatar from the Gibrin oasis in southern Najd. Originally they were nomadic Bedouins, but the region’s sparse vegetation led them to settle in the peninsula’s coastal areas around Zubara, where they fished and dived for pearls. The first Al-Thani emir, Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani, established his capital at Al-Bida in the mid-19th century, thereby laying the foundations of modern Doha. He strengthened his position against other local tribes by signing a treaty with the British in 1867. In 1872 the second Al-Thani emir, Jasim, signed a treaty with the Turks allowing them to build a garrison in Doha (Doha Fort). The Turks were expelled under the third Al-Thani emir, Sheikh Abdullah (the emir who lived in the palace that now houses the National Museum), after Turkey entered WWI on the opposite side to Britain. Thereafter, the British guaranteed Qatar’s protection in exchange for a promise that the ruler would not deal with other foreign powers without British permission – an agreement that endured until independence was proclaimed on 1 September 1971.

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  1. Hey! This post could not be written any better!

    Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always
    kept talking about this. I will forward this write-up to him.
    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Many thanks
    for sharing!

    • This post reminds you of your room mate? He always
      kept talking about it? What… the history of Qatar? God, your mate sounds super fun and interesting!

  2. We had this amazing young man from the Al-Thani Family at Portland State University in 1982. He had polio as a child but you never saw him without a smile. I so hope he is well and blessed with a family and children.

    • Hi anne good evening to you and your family hope every one is fine and doing well thats for what you wrote can you remember the name of the guy you saw I think he’s one of my father’s cousin because more than ten of them had graduated from Oregon thanks again for the writing

  3. My Love and Praises and Good wishes are always with Althani dynasty and specially with H.H. The emir Tamin may Allah bless him and shower his blessing upon him he is a courageous guy and posses a strong belief
    Allah will always be with him..

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