Prince Saad was born in Riyadh in 1915 as the seventh son of King Abdulaziz. His mother was Arrazeqi Al-almaei.
Early life and education
He grew up under the care of his father, King Abdul-Aziz, in 1337, his father sent him to his uncle, Prince Mohammed bin Abdul Rahman to teach him to read, write and save the Quran and Horseback Riding, His father, in 1342 his father decided to re-sent him to his uncle, Prince Mohammed, to teach him the wars, and he stayed with him three years until 1345 AH, he participated for the first time In the war in the battle of sabilah that took place in the year 1347 AH corresponding to 1929, and he was wounded twice during this battle, which forced his uncle Prince Mohammed to take him out into the field of He was transferred to Taif for treatment, or he remained for months under treatment because he was hit twice in the knee, then he went back to Prince Mohammed to learn more about The war, and did not stop until the year 1350 When his father Decided on his appointment as Deputy Commander of the Battle of Jizan, which ended with the victory and unification of the Kingdom in 1351.
Prince Sa’ad participated for the first time in the war at the Battle of Sabilla against Ikhwan which occurred in 1929 and was severely wounded and fired twice on his knee during the battle. This wound forced his uncle, Prince Mohammed bin Abdulrahman, who was also struggling to transport him outside where he transferred to Taif and he stayed a month for treatment. After Sa’ad was fully treated, his father Abdulaziz sent him back to Prince Mohammed to get a better understanding of the wars until 1931, when his father decided to appoint him as deputy commander of the battle of Jizan, Which ended in the victory and unification of the Kingdom in 1932.
Emirate and Khamis Mushait Province
After the battle of Jizan and the unification of the Kingdom, at the age of eighteen, he was appointed by his father the governor of the province of Khamis Mushait. In 1935, Sa’ad worked to protect Khamis Mushayt from the attacks of the Mutawakkilite kingdom of Yemen where, at the time, the Saudi-Yemeni war unfolded. Sa’ad sent 400 men southwest of Khamis Mushayt and, due to ongoing attacks by Yemeni, King Abdul Aziz provided more weapons and ammunition, and when Yemeni realized that The aid to the battle of Khamis Mushayt turned into a great loss, they decided to surrender.
Emirate of Asir
In 1941, Prince Saad was appointed governor of the emirate of Asir. Sa’ad province has made an integrated urban renaissance, where wells have been drilled and excavated, built markets and trade. The region also saw at the end of its reign the construction of many dams to preserve rainwater. As ruler of Asir, Saad developed air defense with the help of Defense Minister Mansour bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, who sent civil and military aircraft in the 1940s and 1950s. He remained in this position Until 1960 when he was appointed Deputy Minister of the Interior for Security Affairs. His term of office lasted until 1987.
Prince Saad was not given a significant political position due to his weak and negligible character like his half-brother Prince Bandar.His son, Mohammed bin Saad, is a former advisor of late Prince Nayef and deputy governor of Riyadh Province. His other son, Abdulaziz, is deputy governor of the Hail Region.
- Princess Wadha Al Hamoud Al Faisal Al Hamoud Al Obaid Al Rasheed Al Shammery. Prince Faisal and Abdulaziz’s mother
- Princess Moudi bint Ali Al Hamoud Al Sabhan Al Shammar, mother of Prince Fahad, Princess Al Jowhara, and Noura
- Princess Munira bint Fahd bin Khothiefah bin Fahad Al Qahtani. Prince Saud’s mother
- Princess Wadha bint Melhi Alqdaan Al Arjani Al Ajmi, died in August 2012 at age of 85. Prince Khalid’s mother
- Princess Jazwa bint Saud bin Kharssan Al Shamer Al Ajmi, Prince Mohammed’s mother
- Princess Noura Abdull Lateef Nader Shah, mother of Prince Abdullah, Prince Sultan and Princess Lateefa.
- Nouf bint Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- Noha bint Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- Munirah bint Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- Noura bint Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- Fahd bin Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- Nawaf bin Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- Mansour bin Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- Khalid bin Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.
Saad bin Abdulaziz remained head of council of House of Saud. He died in Jeddah on 23 July 1993. He was buried in Mecca.