His name is Sheikh Isa Bin Salman Bin Hamad Bin Isa Bin Ali Bin Khalifa Bin Salman Bin Ahmed (Al Fateh) Bin Mohammed Bin Khalifa Al Khalifa, the previous prince of Bahrain.
He was born in Al Jasra village, Bahrain, in 1352 A.H., corresponding to third of June, 1933. He started his education in Bahrain’s schools, then travelled to Europe to enrich his education. He became the Crown Prince in seventh of Dhul-Hijjah, 1376 A.H., corresponding to fifth of July 1957. He assumed power after his father’s death on twenty two of Jumada I 1381 A.H., corresponding to second of November 1961.
Undoubtedly, life history of leaders has great effect on the course of history. The life history of His Highness Sheikh Eisa Bin Salman Al Khalifa and his great deeds in the fields of charity, reform and construction ranks him among few figures like him. In his age, security was wide spread in the state, the administration was improved, trade was boomed, the state was constructed, and all life facilities were reformed. If we want to talk about reform in his age, we will be unable to cover it in these pages. He believed strongly that sincere and diligent work lasts forever. He also believed that at one day every person will be a memory, and that people are pages of the history book of their countries. As the history book will remember them, their work and their loyal role in building the homeland, and in ensuring the happiness and welfare of the citizens who were loyal to him and were loving him as he was loyal to them. He was a history maker, and a founder of New Bahrain.
His Highness spent more than thirty years in diligent work. He was believing that he added a civilized tradition to the tradition of the developed Bahrain, the effects of such civilized tradition was evident in all life facilities within the state. All people in Bahrain admit that HH has achieved what every citizen aspired to. The wise prince was adopting the principle that “Wisdom is the base of ruling”. He is an experienced man and politician who is characterized by generosity, tolerance, modesty, and the traits of kings. He inherited from his fathers and grandfathers these generous traits. He was cultured as he travelled a lot and was familiar with civilization aspects of other countries. HH had visited and travelled to many Arab and foreign countries. His father appointed him in the regency council during his absence, as he was in a visit to Britain to attend crowning celebrations of Queen Elizabeth II. His Highness was brought up according to Arabic and Islamic norms, he was characterized by his modesty and simplicity. He inherited calmness, sobriety and sound judgment from his father. Tenderness, tolerance, kindness, and bright-face were his traits. Thus, he was popular in all public media.
Bahrain has witnessed noticeable development in his era at the economic, social, cultural and political levels. He strived for Bahrain independency. He diversified economic activity, thus Bahrain became a center for external banking units. No wonder that Bahrain has developed economically due to HH’s great concern and the concern of his government with the economic development and its reflections on the social, cultural and political levels. HH’s policy and situations were sound in all issues. He was concerned with generous spending on developmental projects within the state, as well as on poor people in his state. He did not accept to enter in economic speculation to gain money. He was concerned with security, stability and discipline due to their related effect on economic and social advancement. In his era, Bahrain distinguished by tolerance with foreigners and minorities, thus all of them were attracted for tourism or work, with strong interest, as they found that Bahraini people, in general, are hospitable, as they treat others with generosity, warmness and help, in addition their king also has the same characteristics. His Highness’s hobbies and interests, during his youth, were related to horsemanship (javelin, shooting, and horse riding), in prophetic tradition, the prophet said you should learn your sons swimming, javelin and horse riding.
His Highness’s government was concerned with education. In his era, Bahrain University was opened in 1984. At Health level, many hospitals were opened, such as the Military Hospital. His Highness was keen to follow-up civilized achievements. He opened Bahrain International Airport and Salman Port. He laid down the cornerstone of Eisa Residential City. He issued a decree to form (Bahrain Defense Force) that was converted later to the Ministry of Defense. He opened Bahrain Museum. Moreover, he issued a decree to establish (the State Council) and to appoint His Royal Highness Prince Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa as a chairman to this council. He opened the new building of Bahrain International Airport. In his era, Bahraini newspapers were issued, such as Gulf News. He opened a dry dock. The Historical Documents Center that relates Bahrain’s documented history was established in his ear. He opened the military hospital. He participated with his brothers, leaders of Gulf Council Countries, in the summit conferences held yearly. His Highness opened the complex of the Ministry of Justice and Islamic Affairs and the complex of the Ministry of Information. He laid down the cornerstone of King Fahd Causeway Project, Hamad City, Islamic Center of Ahmed Al-Fateh and Bahrain University. In the era of Sheikh Eisa Bin Salman Al-Khalifa, Bahrain gained its independence on 14 August 1971.
Marriage and Children
Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa had one wife, Shaikha Hessa bint Salman Al Khalifa (1933–2009). They married on 8 May 1949. They had six sons and six daughters:
Sheikh Rashed (Died on 17 December 2010)
Sheikh Mohamed (Commander of the National Guard)
Sheikh Abdullah (Vice President of the Higher Committee for the Horseback riding club)
Sheikh Ali (Minister of the Royal Court Affairs)
His Highness, May Allah Have mercy on Him, died on eighth of Dhul Qida 1419 A.H., corresponding to sixth of March 1999. He was succeeded by his son, His Majesty King Hamad Bin Eisa Al-Khalifa, the King of the state, May Allah protect Him.
Source : www.icc.gov.bh